☰ Revisor of Missouri


Chapter 198

< > Effective - 28 Aug 1994    bottom

  198.088.  Facilities to establish policies and procedures, scope, content — rights of residents — complaint — procedure. — 1.  Every facility, in accordance with the rules applying to each particular type of facility, shall ensure that:

  (1)  There are written policies and procedures available to staff, residents, their families or legal representative and the public which govern all areas of service provided by the facility.  The facility shall also retain and make available for public inspection at the facility to staff, residents, their families or legal representative and the public a complete copy of each official notification from the department of violations, deficiencies, licensure approvals, disapprovals, and responses, a description of services, basic rate and charges for any services not covered by the basic rate, if any, and a list of names, addresses and occupation of all individuals who have a proprietary interest in the facility;

  (2)  Policies relating to admission, transfer, and discharge of residents shall assure that:

  (a)  Only those persons are accepted whose needs can be met by the facility directly or in cooperation with community resources or other providers of care with which it is affiliated or has contracts;

  (b)  As changes occur in their physical or mental condition, necessitating service or care which cannot be adequately provided by the facility, residents are transferred promptly to hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, or other appropriate facilities; and

  (c)  Except in the case of an emergency, the resident, his next of kin, attending physician, and the responsible agency, if any, are consulted at least thirty days in advance of the transfer or discharge of any resident, and casework services or other means are utilized to assure that adequate arrangements exist for meeting his needs through other resources;

  (3)  Policies define the uses of chemical and physical restraints, identify the professional personnel who may authorize the application of restraints in emergencies and describe the mechanism for monitoring and controlling their use;

  (4)  Policies define procedures for submittal of complaints and recommendations by residents and for assuring response and disposition;

  (5)  There are written policies governing access to, duplication of, and dissemination of information from the resident's records;

  (6)  Each resident admitted to the facility:

  (a)  Is fully informed of his rights and responsibilities as a resident. Prior to or at the time of admission, a list of resident rights shall be provided to each resident, or his designee, next of kin, or legal guardian.  A list of resident rights shall be posted in a conspicuous location in the facility and copies shall be available to anyone upon request;

  (b)  Is fully informed in writing, prior to or at the time of admission and during stay, of services available in the facility, and of related charges including any charges for services not covered under the federal or state programs or not covered by the facility's basic per diem rate;

  (c)  Is fully informed by a physician of his health and medical condition unless medically contraindicated, as documented by a physician in his resident record, and is afforded the opportunity to participate in the planning of his total care and medical treatment and to refuse treatment, and participates in experimental research only upon his informed written consent;

  (d)  Is transferred or discharged only for medical reasons or for his welfare or that of other residents, or for nonpayment for his stay.  No resident may be discharged without notice of his right to a hearing and an opportunity to be heard on the issue of whether his immediate discharge is necessary.  Such notice shall be given in writing no less than thirty days in advance of the discharge except in the case of an emergency discharge.  In emergency discharges a written notice of discharge and right to a hearing shall be given as soon as practicable and an expedited hearing shall be held upon request of the resident, next of kin, legal guardian, or nursing facility;

  (e)  Is encouraged and assisted, throughout his period of stay, to exercise his rights as a resident and as a citizen, and to this end may voice grievances and recommend changes in policies and services to facility staff or to outside representatives of his choice, free from restraint, interference, coercion, discrimination, or reprisal;

  (f)  May manage his personal financial affairs, and, to the extent that the facility assists in such management, has his personal financial affairs managed in accordance with section 198.090;

  (g)  Is free from mental and physical abuse, and free from chemical and physical restraints except as follows:

  a.  When used as a part of a total program of care to assist the resident to attain or maintain the highest practicable level of physical, mental or psychosocial well-being;

  b.  When authorized in writing by a physician for a specified period of time; and

  c.  When necessary in an emergency to protect the resident from injury to himself or to others, in which case restraints may be authorized by designated professional personnel who promptly report the action taken to the physician.  When restraints are indicated, devices that are least restrictive, consistent with the resident's total treatment program, shall be used;

  (h)  Is ensured confidential treatment of all information contained in his records, including information contained in an automatic data bank, and his written consent shall be required for the release of information to persons not otherwise authorized under law to receive it;

  (i)  Is treated with consideration, respect, and full recognition of his dignity and individuality, including privacy in treatment and in care for his personal needs;

  (j)  Is not required to perform services for the facility;

  (k)  May communicate, associate and meet privately with persons of his choice, unless to do so would infringe upon the rights of other residents, and send and receive his personal mail unopened;

  (l)  May participate in activities of social, religious and community groups at his discretion, unless contraindicated for reasons documented by a physician in the resident's medical record;

  (m)  May retain and use his personal clothing and possessions as space permits;

  (n)  If married, is ensured privacy for visits by his or her spouse; if both are residents in the facility, they are permitted to share a room; and

  (o)  Is allowed the option of purchasing or renting goods or services not included in the per diem or monthly rate from a supplier of his own choice;

  (7)  The resident or his designee, next of kin or legal guardian receives an itemized bill for all goods and services actually rendered;

  (8)  A written account, available to residents and their families, is maintained on a current basis for each resident with written receipts for all personal possessions and funds received by or deposited with the facility and for all disbursements made to or on behalf of the resident.

  2.  Each facility and the department shall encourage and assist residents in the free exercise of the resident's rights to civil and religious liberties, including knowledge of available choices and the right to independent personal decision.  Each resident shall be given a copy of a statement of his rights and responsibilities, including a copy of the facility's rules and regulations.  Each facility shall prepare a written plan to ensure the respect of each resident's rights and privacy and shall provide appropriate staff training to implement the plan.

  3.  (1)  Each facility shall establish written procedures approved by the department by which complaints and grievances of residents may be heard and considered.  The procedures shall provide for referral to the department of any complaints or grievances not resolved by the facility's grievance procedure.

  (2)  Each facility shall designate one staff member, employed full time, referred to in this subsection as the "designee", to receive all grievances when they are first made.

  (3)  If anyone wishes to complain about treatment, conditions, or violations of rights, he shall write or cause to be written his grievance or shall state it orally to the designee no later than fourteen days after the occurrence giving rise to the grievance.  When the department receives a complaint that does not contain allegations of abuse or neglect or allegations which would, if substantiated, constitute violation of a class I or class II standard as defined in section 198.085, and the complainant indicates that the complaint was not filed with the facility prior to the reporting of it to the department, the department may in such instances refer the complaint to the staff person who is designated by the facility to receive all grievances when they are first made.  In such instances the department shall assure appropriate response from the facility, assure resolution at a subsequent on-site visit and provide a report to the complainant.  The designee shall confer with persons involved in the occurrence and with any other witnesses and, no later than three days after the grievance, give a written explanation of findings and proposed remedies, if any, to the complainant and to the aggrieved party, if someone other than the complainant.  Where appropriate because of the mental or physical condition of the complainant or the aggrieved party, the written explanation shall be accompanied by an oral explanation.

  (4)  The department shall establish and implement procedures for the making and transmission of complaints to the department by any person alleging violation of the provisions of sections 198.003 to 198.186, 198.200, 208.030, and 208.159 and the standards established thereunder. The department shall promptly review each complaint.  In the case of a refusal to investigate, the department shall promptly notify the complainant of its refusal and the reasons therefor; and in every other case, the department shall, following investigation, notify the complainant of its investigation and any proposed action.

  4.  Whenever the department finds upon investigation that there have been violations of the provisions of sections 198.003 to 198.186, 198.200, 208.030, and 208.159 or the standards established thereunder by any person licensed under the provisions of chapter 330, 331, 332, 334, 335, 336, 337, 338, or 344, the department shall forward a report of its findings to the appropriate licensing or examining board for further investigation.

  5.  Each facility shall maintain a complete record of complaints and grievances made against such facility and a record of the final disposition of the complaints and grievances.  Such record shall be open to inspection by representatives of the department during normal business hours.

  6.  Nothing in this section shall be construed as requiring a resident to exhaust grievance procedures established by the facility or by the department prior to filing a complaint pursuant to section 198.090.


(L. 1979 S.B. 328, et al. § 29, A.L. 1988 S.B. 602, A.L. 1989 S.B. 203 & 270, A.L. 1994 H.B. 1335 & 1381)

---- end of effective  28 Aug 1994 ----

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