☰ Revisor of Missouri


Chapter 228

< > Effective - 28 Aug 2007, 2 histories    bottom

  228.190.  Roads legally established, when — deemed abandoned, when — roads deemed public county roads, when. — 1.  All roads in this state that have been established by any order of the county commission, and have been used as public highways for a period of ten years or more, shall be deemed legally established public roads; and all roads that have been used as such by the public for ten years continuously, and upon which there shall have been expended public money or labor for such period, shall be deemed legally established roads; and nonuse by the public for five years continuously of any public road shall be deemed an abandonment and vacation of the same.

  2.  From and after January 1, 1990, any road in any county that has been identified as a county road for which the county receives allocations of county aid road trust funds from or through the department of transportation for a period of at least five years shall be conclusively deemed to be a public county road without further proof of the status of the road as a public road.  No such public road shall be abandoned or vacated except through the actions of the county commission declaring such road vacated after public hearing, or through the process set out in section 228.110.

  3.  In any litigation where the subject of a public road is at issue under this section, an exact location of the road is not required to be proven.  Once the public road is determined to exist, the judge may order a survey to be conducted to determine the exact location of the public road and charge the costs of the survey to the party who asserted that the public road exists.


(RSMo 1939 § 8485, A.L. 1953 p. 674, A.L. 2006 S.B. 932, A.L. 2007 S.B. 22)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 7839; 1919 § 10635; 1909 § 10446

(1952) This statute requires that for ten consecutive years sufficient public money or labor should be expended on the road to keep it in substantial repair and in condition for public use and public travel. Evidence reviewed and held not sufficient to establish that there had been a public road over a certain piece of land. Sellers v. Swehla (A.), 253 S.W.2d 847.

(1952) Evidence reviewed and held insufficient to establish a public road under this section. George v. Crosno (A.), 254 S.W.2d 30.

(1953) No public highway could be established by prescription since 1887 unless public money or labor had been expended thereon. Leslie v. Mathewson (A.), 257 S.W.2d 394.

(1956) When public road became legally established by virtue of public use and expenditure of public money, the public's right of use cannot be divested except upon abandonment for nonuse by the public as prescribed by § 228.190. State ex rel.  Carter County v. Lewis (A.), 294 S.W.2d 954.

(1956) Evidence insufficient to establish public road by prescription.  Cook v. Bolin (A.), 296 S.W.2d 181.

(1957) Evidence held insufficient to establish that public money had been expended on road for time required to establish its existence as public road. Jenkins v. German (A.), 298 S.W.2d 486.

(1959) Where county court record of proceedings establishing and subsequent widening of a road did not affirmatively show that notice thereof was given to owners of land over which road would run, the proceedings were void. Greene v. St.  Louis County (Mo.), 327 S.W.2d 291.

(1961) Street in unincorporated area dedicated under section 445.070 would not be deemed abandoned under section 228.190 by nonuse but could only be vacated in accordance with proceedings set out in section 71.270. Winschel v. County of St. Louis (Mo.), 352 S.W.2d 652.

(1962) This section does not require that public money or labor shall be expended every year for ten-year period, but that it shall have been expended from time to time during any ten-year period sufficient to maintain the road in reasonably good condition for public travel. Evidence held sufficient to establish public road. Liberty Township of Stoddard County v. Telford (Mo.), 358 S.W.2d 842.

(1964) Proof of abandonment of public road by showing five or more years of continuous nonuse by public held sufficient in ejectment action and plaintiff did not need to obtain a county court order of abandonment pursuant to section 228.110. Corbin v. Galloway (A.), 382 S.W.2d 827.

(1966) This section applies to public roads, not to streets and alleys. Roseman v. Adams (Mo.), 398 S.W.2d 855.

(1966) This section does not apply to title of lands voluntarily conveyed in trust to be used for the purpose of establishing streets thereon as they shall be needed as lands so dedicated in perpetual trust and platted for such purposes can be abandoned only by formal vacation by an order of the county court. State v. Herman (Mo.), 405 S.W.2d 904.

(1966) This section does not exclude or except public roads paid for by public funds and required by condemnation. State v. Herman (Mo.), 405 S.W.2d 904.

(1967) Creation of public road under this section was valid although road created was only 18 to 20 feet wide and section 229.010 requires that public roads shall not be less than 30 feet in width. Drydale v. Kiser (Mo.), 413 S.W.2d 506.

(1969) Without the expenditure of public funds and labor over the statutory period, the mere fact of some use of a tract of land as a convenient cutoff in leaving and entering a public highway was not sufficient alone to convert private property into a public road. Mackey v. Weakley (A.), 439 S.W.2d 219.

(2005) Road created by implied or common law dedication is subject to section's provision of abandonment through nonuse.  Kleeman v. Kingsley, 167 S.W.3d 198 (Mo.App.S.D.).

---- end of effective  28 Aug 2007 ----

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228.190 8/28/2007
228.190 8/28/2006 8/28/2007

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