☰ Revisor of Missouri


Chapter 256

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  256.155.  Interstate earthquake emergency compact. — The general assembly of the state of Missouri hereby ratifies a compact on behalf of the state of Missouri with any other state legally joining therein in the form substantially as follows:


The purpose of this compact is to provide mutual aid among the states in meeting any emergency or disaster caused by earthquakes or other seismic disturbances.  The full, immediate, and effective utilization of the resources of the respective states, including such resources as may be available from the United States government or any other source, is necessary to provide needed short-term earthquake disaster assistance to states requesting such mutual aid.  These resources shall be incorporated into a plan or plans of mutual aid to be developed among the appropriate agencies of states that are parties to this compact.  These agencies shall develop and follow procedures designed to assure the maintenance of resource inventories and the exchange of information about earthquakes and disaster response.  It is the policy of the party states to carry out this compact in a spirit of cooperation to provide the most effective earthquake disaster assistance to the residents of the states and to provide an equitable division of any necessary earthquake relief efforts in order to avoid a disproportionate allocation of contributed resources.  


Each party state shall have the duty to formulate earthquake relief plans and programs within such state.  There shall be frequent consultation between the representatives of such states and with the United States government and the free exchange of relief plans and information, including inventories of any materials and equipment available for response to earthquake emergencies.  To this end, each state will maintain a bank of standardized data which will establish a comprehensive listing of all resources within the seven-state region that might be needed during an earthquake disaster.  The inventory will be shared equitably among the party states in the event of an earthquake recognizing each state's primary responsibility to assist and protect its residents.  Each party state shall also share any available information on earthquake forecasts and reports of seismic activity.  


Whenever the governor of a party state requests aid from the governor of another party state pursuant to this compact in coping with an earthquake emergency, the requested state shall make available all possible aid to the requesting state consistent with the maintenance of protection for its residents and the policies stated in article I.  


Whenever the officers or employees of any party state are rendering aid in another state pursuant to the request of another party state under this compact, those officers or employees shall, while under the direction of the authorities of the state to which they are rendering aid, have the same powers, duties, rights, privileges, and immunities as comparable officers and employees of the state to which they are rendering aid.  Any person holding a license, certificate or other permit issued by any state demonstrating the meeting of qualifications for professional, mechanical, or other skills may render aid involving such skill in any party state to meet an earthquake emergency, and the state in which aid is rendered shall give due recognition to such license, certificate, or other permit as if issued in the state in which aid is rendered.  


No party or its officers, employees or other persons, certified by party states pursuant to agreed upon criteria and procedures for certification, rendering aid in another state pursuant to this compact shall be liable on account of any act or omission in good faith on their part while so engaged, or on account of maintenance or use of any equipment or supplies in connection therewith.  


Nothing in this agreement precludes any state from entering into supplementary agreements with another state or states for the undertaking of mutual aid and exchange of information in the event of an earthquake emergency.  These supplementary agreements may comprehend but are not limited to provisions for evacuation and reception of injured and other persons and the exchange of medical, fire, police, public utility reconnaissance, welfare, transportation and communications personnel, equipment and supplies.  


Each party state shall provide compensation and death benefits to its injured officers, employees or other persons certified by party states, pursuant to agreed upon criteria and procedures for certification, and the representatives of deceased officers, employees and other certified persons in case officers, employees or certified persons sustain injuries or death while rendering aid in another state pursuant to this compact, in the same manner and on the same terms as if the injury or death were sustained within the state by or in which the officer, employee or certified person was regularly employed.  


Any party state rendering aid in another state pursuant to this compact shall be reimbursed by the party state receiving such aid for any loss or damage to, or expense incurred in the operation of any equipment answering a request for aid, and for the cost of all materials, transportation, wages, salaries and maintenance of officers, employees and equipment incurred in connection with such request, including amounts paid under article VII; provided that nothing herein contained shall prevent any assisting party state from assuming such loss, damage, expense or other cost or from loaning such equipment or from donating such services to the receiving party state without charge or cost.  Any two or more party states may enter into supplementary agreements establishing a different allocation of costs as among those states.  The United States government may in some circumstances relieve the party state receiving aid from any liability and reimburse the party state rendering aid for some loss, damage or expense incurred within the terms of this article.  


Plans for the orderly evacuation and reception of the civilian population as the result of an earthquake emergency shall be worked out from time to time between representatives of the party states.  Such plans shall include the manner of transporting such evacuees, the number of evacuees to be received in different areas, the manner in which food, clothing, housing, and medical care will be provided, the registration of the evacuees, the providing of facilities for the notification of relatives or friends and the forwarding of such evacuees to other areas or the bringing in of additional materials, supplies, and all other relevant factors.  The plans must provide that the party state receiving evacuees shall be reimbursed generally for the out-of-pocket expenses incurred in receiving and caring for the evacuees, for expenditures and transportation, food, clothing, medicines and medical care and like items.  These expenditures shall be reimbursed by the party state of which the evacuees are residents or may be reimbursed by the United States government under plans approved by it.  The party state of which the evacuees are residents shall assume the responsibility for the ultimate support or repatriation of such evacuees.  


Any state of the United States shall be eligible to become party to this compact.  As to any eligible party state, this compact shall become effective when its legislature shall have enacted it into law provided that it shall not become initially effective until enacted into law by two party states.  


Any party state may withdraw from this compact by enacting a statute repealing the same, but no such withdrawal shall become effective until ninety days after the governor of the withdrawing state shall have sent formal notice in writing to the governor of each other party state informing said governors of the action of the legislature in repealing the compact and declaring an intention to withdraw.  A withdrawing state shall be liable for any obligations which it may have incurred on account of its party status up to the effective date of withdrawal, except that if the withdrawing state has specifically undertaken or committed itself to any performance of an obligation extending beyond the effective date of withdrawal it shall remain liable to the extent of such obligation.  


This compact is to be construed to effectuate the purposes stated in article I.  If any provision of this compact is declared unconstitutional or the applicability of any provision to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the constitutionality of the remainder of this compact and the applicability of this compact to other persons and circumstances is not to be affected by it.


(L. 1989 H.B. 561 § 1)

---- end of effective  28 Aug 1989 ----

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