☰ Revisor of Missouri


Chapter 259

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  259.070.  Powers and duties of council — rulemaking, procedure. — 1.  The council has the duty of administering the provisions of this chapter.  The council shall meet at least once each calendar quarter of the year and upon the call of the chairperson.

  2.  The council shall conduct a review of the statutes and rules and regulations under this chapter on a biennial basis.  Based on such review, the council, if necessary, shall recommend changes to the statutes under this chapter and shall amend rules and regulations accordingly.

  3.  (1)  The council shall have the power and duty to form an advisory committee to the council for the purpose of reviewing the statutes and rules and regulations under subsection 2 of this section.  The advisory committee shall make recommendations to the council when necessary to amend current statutes and rules and regulations under this chapter and shall review any proposed new or amended statute or regulation before such proposed statute or regulation is considered by the council.

  (2)  The advisory committee shall be made up of representatives from the department, the oil and gas industry and any council member desiring to be on such advisory committee.  The advisory committee shall meet prior to each calendar quarter meeting of the council, if necessary for the purposes set forth under this subsection, and present any recommendations to the council at such calendar quarter meeting.  The council shall designate one of its members to serve as the chairperson of the advisory committee.

  (3)  The advisory committee may make recommendations to the council on appropriate fees or other funding mechanisms to support the oil and gas program efforts of the department.

  4.  The council, acting through the department, has the duty and authority to make such investigations as it deems proper to determine whether waste exists or is imminent or whether other facts exist which justify action.

  5.  The council, acting through the department, has the authority:

  (1)  To require through the issuance of appropriate orders:

  (a)  Identification of ownership of oil or gas wells, producing leases, tanks, plants, structures, and facilities for the refining or intrastate transportation of oil and gas;

  (b)  The making and filing of all mechanical well logs and the filing of directional surveys if taken, and the filing of reports on well location, drilling and production, and the filing free of charge of samples and core chips and of complete cores less tested sections, when requested in the office of the state geologist within six months after the completion or abandonment of the well;

  (c)  The drilling, casing, operation, and plugging of wells in such manner as to prevent the escape of oil or gas out of one stratum into another; the intrusion of water into oil or gas stratum; the pollution of fresh water supplies by oil, gas, or highly mineralized water; to prevent blowouts, cavings, seepages, and fires; and to prevent the escape of oil, gas, or water into workable coal or other mineral deposits;

  (d)  The furnishing of a reasonable bond with good and sufficient surety, conditioned upon the full compliance with the provisions of this chapter, and the rules and regulations of the council prescribed to govern the production of oil and gas on state and private lands within the state of Missouri; provided that, in lieu of a bond with a surety, an applicant may furnish to the council his own personal bond, on conditions as described in this paragraph, secured by a certificate of deposit or an irrevocable letter of credit in an amount equal to that of the required surety bond or secured by some other financial instrument on conditions as above described or as provided by council regulations;

  (e)  That the production from wells be separated into gaseous and liquid hydrocarbons, and that each be accurately measured by such means and upon such standards as may be prescribed by the council;

  (f)  The operation of wells with efficient gas-oil and water-oil ratios, and to fix these ratios;

  (g)  Certificates of clearance in connection with the transportation or delivery of any native and indigenous Missouri produced crude oil, gas, or any product;

  (h)  Metering or other measuring of any native and indigenous Missouri-produced crude oil, gas, or product in pipelines, gathering systems, barge terminals, loading racks, refineries, or other places; and

  (i)  That every person who produces, sells, purchases, acquires, stores, transports, refines, or processes native and indigenous Missouri-produced crude oil or gas in this state shall keep and maintain within this state complete and accurate records of the quantities thereof, which records shall be available for examination by the council or its agents at all reasonable times and that every such person file with the council such reports as it may prescribe with respect to such oil or gas or the products thereof;

  (2)  To regulate pursuant to rules adopted by the council:

  (a)  The release and forfeiture of bonds required under paragraph (d) of subdivision (1) of subsection 5 of this section;

  (b)  The drilling, producing, and plugging of wells, and all other operations for the production of oil or gas;

  (c)  The treatment of wells;

  (d)  The spacing of wells;

  (e)  Operations to increase ultimate recovery such as cycling of gas, the maintenance of pressure, and the introduction of gas, water, or other substances into producing formations; and

  (f)  Disposal of highly mineralized water and oil field wastes;

  (3)  To limit and to allocate the production of oil and gas from any field, pool, or area;

  (4)  To classify wells as oil or gas wells for purposes material to the interpretation or enforcement of this chapter;

  (5)  To promulgate and to enforce rules, regulations, and orders to effectuate the purposes and the intent of this chapter;

  (6)  To make rules, regulations, or orders for the classification of wells as oil wells or dry natural gas wells; or wells drilled, or to be drilled, for geological information; or as wells for secondary recovery projects; or wells for the disposal of highly mineralized water, brine, or other oil field wastes; or wells for the storage of dry natural gas, or casinghead gas; or wells for the development of reservoirs for the storage of liquid petroleum gas;

  (7)  To detail such personnel and equipment or enter into such contracts as it may deem necessary for carrying out the plugging of or other remedial measures on wells which have been abandoned and not plugged according to the standards for plugging set out in the rules and regulations promulgated by the council pursuant to this chapter.  Members of the council, the department, or authorized representatives may, with the consent of the owner or person in possession, enter any property for the purpose of investigating, plugging, or performing remedial measures on any well, or to supervise the investigation, plugging, or performance of remedial measures on any well.  A reasonable effort to contact the owner or the person in possession of the property to seek his permission shall be made before members of the council, the department, or authorized representatives enter the property for the purposes described in this paragraph.  If the owner or person in possession of the property cannot be found or refuses entry or access to any member of the council, the department, or to any authorized representative presenting appropriate credentials, the council or the department may request the attorney general to initiate in any court of competent jurisdiction an action for injunctive relief to restrain any interference with the exercise of powers and duties described in this subdivision.  Any entry authorized under this subdivision shall be construed as an exercise of the police power for the protection of public health, safety and general welfare and shall not be construed as an act of condemnation of property nor of trespass thereon.  Members of the council, the department, or authorized representatives shall not be liable for any damages necessarily resulting from the entry upon land for purposes of investigating, plugging, or performing remedial measures or the supervision of such activity.  However, if growing crops are present, arrangements for timing of such remedial work may be agreed upon between the state and landowner in order to minimize damages;

  (8)  To develop such facts and make such investigations or inspections as are consistent with the purposes of this chapter.  The department or its authorized representatives may, with the consent of the owner or person in possession, enter upon any property for the purposes of inspecting or investigating any condition which the department shall have probable cause to believe is subject to regulation under this chapter, the rules and regulations promulgated pursuant thereto or any permit issued by the department.  If the owner or person in possession of the property refuses entry or access for purposes of the inspections or investigations described, the department or authorized representatives shall make application for a search warrant.  Upon a showing of probable cause in writing and under oath, a suitable restricted search warrant shall be issued by any judge having jurisdiction for purposes of enabling inspections authorized under this subdivision.  The results of any inspection or investigation pursuant to this subdivision shall be reduced to writing with a copy furnished to the owner, person in possession, or operator;

  (9)  To cooperate with landowners with respect to the conversion of wells drilled for oil and gas to alternative use as water wells as follows: the state geologist shall determine the feasibility of the conversion of a well drilled under a permit for oil and gas for use as a water well and shall advise the landowner of modifications required for conversion of the well in a manner that is consistent with the requirements of this chapter.  If such conversion is carried out, release of the operator from legal liability or other responsibility shall be required and the expense of the conversion shall be borne by the landowner.

  6.  No rule or portion of a rule promulgated under the authority of this chapter shall become effective unless it has been promulgated pursuant to the provisions of section 536.024.


(L. 1965 2d Ex. Sess. p. 917 § 7, A.L. 1972 H.B. 1176, A.L. 1983 H.B. 37, A.L. 1987 S.B. 353, A.L. 1993 S.B. 52, A.L. 1995 S.B. 3, A.L. 2012 H.B. 1251 merged with H.B. 1647, A.L. 2015 H.B. 92)

---- end of effective  28 Aug 2015 ----

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259.070 8/28/2015
259.070 8/28/2012 8/28/2015

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