☰ Revisor of Missouri

Title XXXVII CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

Chapter 546

< > Effective - 28 Aug 1939 bottom

  546.020.  Plea of not guilty, not formally tendered. — When a person shall be arraigned upon any indictment or information, it shall not be necessary to ask him how he will be tried; and if he deny the charge in any form, or require a trial, or if he refuse to plead or answer and in all cases when he does not confess the charge to be true, a plea of not guilty shall be entered, and the same proceedings shall be had, in all respects, as if he had formally pleaded not guilty to such indictment or information; provided, however, that no judgment rendered in any criminal case shall be reversed, set aside or for naught held for the reason that the record does not show that the defendant was arraigned and a plea of not guilty entered, where a trial was had in all respects as though the defendant had been arraigned and had formally tendered the general issue under a plea of not guilty.

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(RSMo 1939 § 4004)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 3615; 1919 § 3958; 1909 § 5165

(1951) Where jury was present when information was read and was permitted to hear defendant's refusal to plead thereto but where court gave instruction that information "is a mere formal statement ... and is no evidence whatever of his guilt" there was no prejudicial error. State v. Lamb (Mo.), 239 S.W.2d 496.


---- end of effective  28 Aug 1939 ----

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