☰ Revisor of Missouri


Effective - 08 Dec 2022, 2 histories, see footnote    bottom

  X Section 21.  State support to local governments not to be reduced, additional activities and services not to be imposed without full state funding. — 1.  The state is hereby prohibited from reducing the state financed proportion of the costs of any existing activity or service required of counties and other political subdivisions.  A new activity or service or an increase in the level of any activity or service beyond that required by existing law shall not be required by the general assembly or any state agency of counties or other political subdivisions, unless a state appropriation is made and disbursed to pay the county or other political subdivision for any increased costs.

  2.  Notwithstanding the foregoing prohibitions, before December 31, 2026, the general assembly may by law increase minimum funding for a police force established by a state board of police commissioners to ensure such police force has additional resources to serve its communities.


(Adopted November 4, 1980) (Amended November 8, 2022).

(1982) St. Louis Board of Police Commissioners is a state agency for purposes of this section and cannot require the City of St. Louis to increase its level of activities beyond that required by law when the Hancock Amendment became effective; therefore, it is unconstitutional for the Board to require the city to appropriate more than budget certified as of effective date of the Hancock Amendment, and the Board has to look to the General Assembly for fund increase. State ex rel. Sayad v. Zych (Mo. banc), 642 S.W.2d 907.

(1985) The Hancock Amendment does not prohibit the Judicial Finance Commission from requiring that a county pay attorney fees incurred by the circuit court and judge in defending a federal civil rights action brought by juvenile court employees. In re 1984 Budget for Circuit Court (Mo. banc), 687 S.W.2d 896.

(2024)  The fiscal note summary for Constitutional Amendment No. 4, 2022, constituted an irregularity of sufficient magnitude to cast doubt on the fairness of the election and the validity of the results.  The Constitutional Amendment No. 4 results from the 2022 general election are set aside and a special election is ordered to be conducted as part of the general election on November 5, 2024.  Lucas v. Ashcroft, Opinion No. SC99931, April 30, 2024 (Mo. en banc)

---- end of effective  08 Dec 2022 ----

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