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Title XII PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

Chapter 191

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  191.631.  Testing for disease, consent deemed given, when — hospital to conduct testing, written policies and procedures required — notification for confirmed exposure, by whom — limitations on testing and duties of hospitals, coroners, and medical examiners — rules. — 1.  (1)  Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, if an emergency care provider or a Good Samaritan sustains an exposure from a person while rendering emergency health care services, the person to whom the emergency care provider or Good Samaritan was exposed is deemed to consent to a test to determine if the person has a communicable disease and is deemed to consent to notification of the emergency care provider or the Good Samaritan of the results of the test, upon submission of an exposure report by the emergency care provider or the Good Samaritan to the hospital where the person is delivered by the emergency care provider.

  (2)  The hospital where the source patient is delivered shall conduct the test.  The sample and test results shall only be identified by a number and shall not otherwise identify the person tested.

  (3)  A hospital shall have written policies and procedures for notification of an emergency care provider or Good Samaritan pursuant to this section.  The hospital shall include local representation of designated infection control officers during the process to develop or review such policies.  The policies shall be substantially the same as those in place for notification of hospital employees.  The policies and procedures shall include designation of a representative of the emergency care provider to whom notification shall be provided and who shall, in turn, notify the emergency care provider.  The identity of the designated local infection control officer of the emergency care provider shall not be disclosed to the source patient tested.  The designated local infection control officer shall inform the hospital of those parties who receive the notification, and following receipt of such information and upon request of the person tested, the hospital shall inform the person of the parties to whom notification was provided.

  (4)  A coroner and medical examiner shall have written policies and procedures for notification of an emergency care provider and Good Samaritan pursuant to this section.  The coroner or medical examiner shall include local representation of a designated infection control officer during the process to develop or review such policies.  The policies shall be substantially the same as those in place for notification of coroner or medical examiner employees.  The policies and procedures shall include designation of a representative of the emergency care providers to whom notification shall be provided and who shall, in turn, notify the emergency care provider.  The identity of the designated local infection control officer of the emergency care provider shall not be disclosed to the source patient tested.  The designated local infection control officer shall inform the coroner or medical examiner of those parties who receive the notification, and following receipt of such information and upon request of the person tested, the coroner or medical examiner shall inform the person of the parties to whom notification was provided.

  2.  If a person tested is diagnosed or confirmed as having a communicable disease pursuant to this section, the hospital, coroner, or medical examiner shall notify the emergency care provider, Good Samaritan or the designated local infection control officer of the emergency care provider who shall then notify the care provider.

  3.  The notification to the emergency care provider or the Good Samaritan shall advise the emergency care provider or the Good Samaritan of possible exposure to a particular communicable disease and recommend that the emergency care provider or Good Samaritan seek medical attention.  The notification shall be provided as soon as is reasonably possible following determination that the individual has a communicable disease.  The notification shall not include the name of the person tested for the communicable disease unless the person consents.  If the emergency care provider or Good Samaritan who sustained an exposure determines the identity of the person diagnosed or confirmed as having a communicable disease, the identity of the person shall be confidential information and shall not be disclosed by the emergency care provider or the Good Samaritan to any other individual unless a specific written release is obtained by the person diagnosed with or confirmed as having a communicable disease.

  4.  This section does not require or permit, unless otherwise provided, a hospital to administer a test for the express purpose of determining the presence of a communicable disease; except that testing may be performed if the person consents and if the requirements of this section are satisfied.

  5.  This section does not preclude a hospital, coroner, or medical examiner from providing notification to an emergency care provider or Good Samaritan under circumstances in which the hospital's, coroner's, or medical examiner's policy provides for notification of the hospital's, coroner's, or medical examiner's own employees of exposure to a communicable disease that is not life-threatening if the notice does not reveal a patient's name, unless the patient consents.

  6.  A hospital, coroner, or medical examiner participating in good faith in complying with the provisions of this section is immune from any liability, civil or criminal, which may otherwise be incurred or imposed.

  7.  A hospital's duty of notification pursuant to this section is not continuing but is limited to diagnosis of a communicable disease made in the course of admission, care, and treatment following the rendering of health care services to which notification pursuant to this section applies.

  8.  A hospital, coroner, or medical examiner that performs a test in compliance with this section or that fails to perform a test authorized pursuant to this section is immune from any liability, civil or criminal, which may otherwise be incurred or imposed.

  9.  The department shall adopt rules to implement this section.  The department may determine by rule the communicable diseases for which testing is reasonable and appropriate and which may be administered pursuant to this section.  No rule or portion of a rule promulgated under the authority of this section shall become effective unless it has been promulgated pursuant to chapter 536.

  10.  The agency which employs or sponsors the emergency care provider who sustained an exposure pursuant to this section shall pay the costs of testing for the person who is the source of the exposure and of the testing of the emergency care provider if the exposure was sustained during the course of the provider's expected duties.

  11.  All emergency care providers shall respond to and treat any patient regardless of the status of the patient's HIV or other communicable disease infection.

  12.  Ambulance services and emergency medical response agencies licensed under chapter 190 shall establish and maintain local policies and provide training regarding exposure of personnel to patient blood and body fluids as well as general protection from communicable diseases.  The training provided and the policies established shall be in substantial compliance with the appropriate CDC and OSHA guidelines.

  13.  Hospitals, long-term care facilities licensed under chapter 198, and other medical facilities and practitioners who transfer patients known to have a communicable disease or to be subject to an order of quarantine or an order of isolation shall notify the emergency care providers who are providing the transportation services of the potential risk of exposure to a communicable disease, including communicable diseases of a public health threat.

  14.  The department shall promulgate regulations regarding all of the following:

  (1)  The type of exposure that would prompt notification of the emergency care provider or Good Samaritan, which shall cover, at a minimum, methods of potential transmission of any diseases designated under P.L.  101-381 or diseases additionally identified from the department's list of communicable diseases;

  (2)  The process to be used by the emergency care provider, Good Samaritan, licensed facility, coroner, medical examiner, and designated infection control officer for the reports required by this section, the process to be used to evaluate requests received from emergency care providers and Good Samaritans, and for informing emergency care providers and Good Samaritans as to their obligations to maintain the confidentiality of information received; and

  (3)  The method by which emergency care providers and Good Samaritans shall be provided information and advice in a timely manner related to the risk of infection from communicable diseases as a result of aid or medical care.

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(L. 2002 S.B. 1107, A.L. 2014 S.B. 852)


---- end of effective   28 Aug 2014 ----

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