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Chapter 194

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  194.400.  Definitions. — As used in sections 194.400 to 194.410 the following words and phrases mean:

  (1)  "Council", the Missouri advisory council on historic preservation created under section 253.408;

  (2)  "Cultural items", shall include:

  (a)  "Associated funerary objects", objects that are reasonably believed to have been placed with individual human remains either at the time of death, or during the death rite or ceremony, or later, and all other items exclusively made for burial purposes including items made to contain human remains;

  (b)  "Unassociated funerary objects", objects that are reasonably believed to have been placed with individual human remains either at the time of death or during the death rite or ceremony, or later, which can be identified by a preponderance of the evidence as related to known human remains or an unmarked human burial site or can be identified as having been removed from a specific unmarked human burial site;

  (3)  "General archaeological investigation", refers to:

  (a)  Excavations performed by professional archaeologists usually consisting of a structured scientific undertaking comprised of three segments including field investigations, laboratory analysis, and preparation and submission of a report of investigation; and

  (b)  Identification of the presence of human remains in excavated materials considered to occur at the completion of the laboratory analysis segment of the studies as above;

  (4)  "Professional archaeologist", a person who has a graduate degree in archaeology, anthropology, or closely related field, at least one year of full-time professional experience or equivalent specialized training in archaeological research, administration of management, or at least four months of supervised field and analytic experience in general North American archaeology and demonstrated ability to carry archaeological research to completion, as evidenced by a master of arts or master of science thesis, or report equivalent in scope and quality;

  (5)  "Second or subsequent violation", any violation, other than the first violation, of a criminal law related to the trafficking of human remains or cultural items located in the state of Missouri, the United States, or any other state;

  (6)  "Skeletal analyst", a person possessing a postgraduate degree representing specialized training in skeletal biology, forensic osteology, or other relevant aspects of physical anthropology.  The skeletal analyst shall have a minimum experience of one year in conducting laboratory reconstruction and analysis, and shall have demonstrated the ability to design and execute a skeletal analysis, and to present the written results and interpretations of such analysis in a thorough, scientific, and timely manner;

  (7)  "Specific scientific investigations", refers to detailed studies of human remains by professional archaeologists, anthropologists, osteologists, or professionals in related disciplines;

  (8)  "State historic preservation officer", the director of the department of natural resources;

  (9)  "Unmarked human burial", any instance where human skeletal remains are discovered or believed to exist, but for which there exists no written historical documentation or grave markers.


(L. 1987 S.B. 24 § 1, A.L. 1996 S.B. 834, A.L. 2018 S.B. 843)

---- end of effective  28 Aug 2018 ----

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194.400 8/28/2018
194.400 8/28/1996 8/28/2018

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