☰ Revisor of Missouri


Chapter 196

< > Effective - 02 Jan 1979, see footnote    bottom

  196.030.  Agent of department of health and senior services shall tag, detain and embargo adulterated, tainted, or misbranded articles. — 1.  Whenever a duly authorized agent of the department of health and senior services finds or has probable cause to believe, that any food, drug, device, or cosmetic is adulterated, or so misbranded as to be dangerous or fraudulent, within the meaning of sections 196.010 to 196.120, he shall affix to such article a tag or other appropriate marking, giving notice that such article is, or is suspected of being, adulterated or misbranded and has been detained or embargoed, and warning all persons not to remove or dispose of such article by sale or otherwise until permission for removal or disposal is given by such agent or the court.  It shall be unlawful for any person to remove or dispose of such detained or embargoed article by sale or otherwise without such permission.

  2.  When an article detained or embargoed under subsection 1 has been found by such agent to be adulterated, or misbranded, he shall petition any circuit or associate circuit judge, in whose jurisdiction the article is detained or embargoed for an order for condemnation of such article.  When such agent has found that an article so detained or embargoed is not adulterated or misbranded, he shall remove the tag or other marking.

  3.  If the court finds that a detained or embargoed article is adulterated or misbranded within the meaning of sections 196.010 to 196.120, such article shall, after entry of the decree, be destroyed or sold under the supervision of such agent, as the court may direct, but no such article shall be sold contrary to any provisions of said sections, and the proceeds thereof, if sold, less the legal costs and charges, shall be paid into the general fund of the state of Missouri; provided, that when the adulteration or misbranding can be corrected by proper labeling or processing of the article, the court, after entry of the decree and after such costs, fees, and expenses have been paid and a good and sufficient bond, conditioned that such article shall be so labeled or processed, has been executed, may by order direct that such article be delivered to the claimant thereof for such labeling or processing under the supervision of an agent of the department of health and senior services.  The expense of such supervision shall be paid by the claimant.  When the article is no longer in violation of sections 196.010 to 196.120, and the expenses of such supervision have been paid, the department of health and senior services shall present these facts to the court, and such bond shall be then returned to the claimant of the article.

  4.  Whenever the department of health and senior services or any of its authorized agents shall find in any room, building, vehicle of transportation or other structure, any meat, seafood, poultry, vegetable, fruit or other perishable articles which are unsound, or contain any filthy, decomposed, or putrid substance, or that may be poisonous or deleterious to health or otherwise unsafe, the department of health and senior services, or its authorized agent, shall forthwith condemn or destroy the same or in any other manner render the same unsalable as human food if the person found in possession of same or claiming possession or ownership of same shall agree to such action; provided that if any such person refuse to permit such action by the department of health and senior services or its agent, such agent may serve such person with a written notice directing him to hold or store any such articles for a period not longer than three days from the date of service of such notice.  Such notice shall also prohibit any such person from selling or in any manner disposing of such articles of food during the prescribed period.  The department of health and senior services or its agent after issuing any such notice shall immediately apply to the circuit court in whose jurisdiction such articles of food may be found or held for an order to condemn or destroy same.  Upon the application for such order the court shall immediately hold a summary hearing and at the conclusion thereof shall either grant the order requested or shall order the articles of food in question released to the person claiming ownership or possession thereof.  Upon the application for any such order, the court may make such orders for the custody, storage, or temporary preservation of any of such articles of food as may under the circumstances be deemed proper.  After the hearing prescribed for herein, if the court find the complaint to be sustained, the court may direct the articles of food to be disposed of as provided for by subsection 3 of this section.


(L. 1943 p. 559 § 9861, A.L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Effective 1-2-79

---- end of effective  02 Jan 1979 ----

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