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Title XXIV BUSINESS AND FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

Chapter 362

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  362.105.  Powers and authority of banks and trust companies. — 1.  Every bank and trust company created under the laws of this state may for a fee or other consideration, directly or through a subsidiary company, and upon complying with any applicable licensing statute:

  (1)  Conduct the business of receiving money on deposit and allowing interest thereon not exceeding the legal rate or without allowing interest thereon, and of buying and selling exchange, gold, silver, coin of all kinds, uncurrent money, of loaning money upon real estate or personal property, and upon collateral of personal security at a rate of interest not exceeding that allowed by law, and also of buying, investing in, selling and discounting negotiable and nonnegotiable paper of all kinds, including bonds as well as all kinds of commercial paper; and for all loans and discounts made, the corporation may receive and retain the interest in advance;

  (2)  Accept for payment, at a future date, drafts drawn upon it by its customers and to issue letters of credit authorizing the holders thereof to draw drafts upon it or upon its correspondents at sight or on time not exceeding one year; provided, that no bank or trust company shall incur liabilities under this subdivision to an amount equal at any time in the aggregate to more than its paid-up and unimpaired capital stock and surplus fund, except with the approval of the director under such general regulations as to amount of acceptances as the director may prescribe;

  (3)  Purchase and hold, for the purpose of becoming a member of a Federal Reserve Bank, so much of the capital stock thereof as will qualify it for membership in the reserve bank pursuant to an act of Congress, approved December 23, 1913, entitled "The Federal Reserve Act" and any amendments thereto; to become a member of the Federal Reserve Bank, and to have and exercise all powers, not in conflict with the laws of this state, which are conferred upon any member by the Federal Reserve Act and any amendments thereto.  The member bank or trust company and its directors, officers and stockholders shall continue to be subject, however, to all liabilities and duties imposed upon them by any law of this state and to all the provisions of this chapter relating to banks or trust companies;

  (4)  Subscribe for and purchase such stock in the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and to make such payments to and to make such deposits with the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and to pay such assessments made by such corporation as will enable the bank or trust company to obtain the benefits of the insurance of deposits under the act of Congress known as "The Banking Act of 1933" and any amendments thereto;

  (5)  Invest in a bank service corporation as defined by the act of Congress known as the "Bank Service Corporation Act", Public Law 87-856, as approved October 23, 1962, to the same extent as provided by that act or any amendment thereto;

  (6)  Hold a noncontrolling equity interest in any business entity that conducts only activities that are financial in nature or incidental to financial activity or that is established pursuant to subdivision (16) of this subsection where the majority of the stock or other interest is held by Missouri banks, Missouri trust companies, national banks located in Missouri, or any foreign bank with a branch or branches in Missouri, or any combination of these financial institutions; provided that if the entity is defined pursuant to Missouri law as any type of financial institution subsidiary or other type of entity subject to special conditions or regulations, those conditions and regulations shall remain applicable, and provided that such business entity may be formed as any type of business entity, in which each investor's liability is limited to the investment in and loans to the business entity as otherwise provided by law;

  (7)  Receive upon deposit for safekeeping personal property of every description, and to own or control a safety vault and rent the boxes therein;

  (8)  Purchase and hold the stock of one safe deposit company organized and existing under the laws of the state of Missouri and doing a safe deposit business on premises owned or leased by the bank or trust company at the main banking house and any branch operated by the bank or trust company; provided, that the purchasing and holding of the stock is first duly authorized by resolution of the board of directors of the bank or trust company and by the written approval of the director, and that all of the shares of the safe deposit company shall be purchased and held, and shall not be sold or transferred except as a whole and not be pledged at all, all sales or transfers or pledges in violation hereof to be void;

  (9)  Act as the fiscal or transfer agent of the United States, of any state, municipality, body politic or corporation and in such capacity to receive and disburse money, to transfer, register and countersign certificates of stock, bonds and other evidences of indebtedness;

  (10)  Acquire or convey real property for the following purposes:

  (a)  Real property conveyed to it in satisfaction or part satisfaction of debts previously contracted in the course of its business;

  (b)  Real property purchased at sales under judgment, decrees or liens held by it; and

  (c)  Real property purchased or leased by a bank for the purpose of leasing or subleasing that property to a public entity including, but not limited to, government buildings, municipal buildings, school buildings and grounds, and public hospitals.  The bank shall only lease the property to a public entity that has sufficient resources to make all rental payments as the payments become due.  The lease agreement shall provide that, upon the expiration of the lease, the public entity will become the owner of the real property and any building or facility located thereon.  No bank shall purchase or lease real estate for this purpose if the purchase or lease will exceed the bank's lending limit under section 362.170;

  (11)  Purchase, hold and become the owner and lessor of personal property acquired upon the specific request of and for use of a customer; and, in addition, leases that neither anticipate full purchase price repayment on the leased asset, nor require the lease to cover the physical life of the asset, other than those for motor vehicles which will not be used by bank or trust company personnel, and may incur such additional obligations as may be incident to becoming an owner and lessor of the property, subject to the following limitations:

  (a)  Lease transactions do not result in loans for the purpose of section 362.170, but the total amount disbursed under leasing obligations or rentals by any bank to any person, partnership, association, or corporation shall at no time exceed the legal loan limit permitted by statute except upon the written approval of the director of finance; and

  (b)  Lease payments are in the nature of rent rather than interest, and the provisions of chapter 408 are not applicable;

  (12)  Contract with another bank or trust company, bank service corporation or other partnership, corporation, association or person, within or without the state, to render or receive any banking or trust services authorized under this chapter such as check and deposit sorting and posting, computation and posting of interest and other credits and charges, preparation and mailing of checks, statements, notices, and similar items, or any other clerical, bookkeeping, accounting, statistical, financial counseling, or similar services, or the storage, transmitting or processing of any information or data.  Any person or entity that provides, by contract or otherwise, such services to a bank or trust company, other than an entity that is a founding member and is represented on the executive committee of the Payment Card Industry Security Standards Council and that is examined and regulated under the Bank Service Company Act (12 U.S.C. Sections 1861 to 1867(c)) or any successor statute by an appropriate federal banking agency, shall be subject to examination by the division of finance to the same extent as if the service was being performed by the bank or trust company on its own premises.  Each bank or trust company under the jurisdiction of the division of finance shall provide a list of all persons or entities providing services to the bank or trust company;

  (13)  Purchase and hold stock in a corporation whose only purpose is to purchase, lease, hold or convey real property of a character which the bank or trust company holding stock in the corporation could itself purchase, lease, hold or convey pursuant to the provisions of subdivision (10) of this subsection; provided, the purchase and holding of the stock is first duly authorized by resolution of the board of directors of the bank or trust company and that all of the shares of the corporation shall be purchased and held by the bank or trust company and shall not be sold or transferred except as a whole;

  (14)  Purchase and sell investment securities, without recourse, solely upon order and for the account of customers; and establish and maintain one or more mutual funds and offer to the public shares or participations therein.  Any bank which engages in such activity shall comply with all provisions of chapter 409 regarding the licensing and registration of sales personnel for mutual funds so offered, provided that such banks shall register as a broker-dealer with the office of the commissioner of securities and shall consent to supervision and inspection by that office and shall be subject to the continuing jurisdiction of that office;

  (15)  Make debt or equity investments in corporations or projects, whether for profit or not for profit, designed to promote the development of the community and its welfare, provided that the aggregate investment in all such corporations and in all such projects does not exceed five percent of the unimpaired capital of the bank, and provided that this limitation shall not apply to loans made under the authority of other provisions of law, and other provisions of law shall not limit this subdivision; and

  (16)  Offer through one or more subsidiaries any products and services which a national bank may offer through its financial subsidiaries, subject to the limitations that are applicable to national bank financial subsidiaries, and provided such bank or trust company meets the division of finance safety and soundness considerations.  This subdivision is enacted to provide in part competitive equality with national banks' powers under the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999, Public Law 106-102.

  2.  In addition to the power and authorities granted in subsection 1 of this section, and notwithstanding any limitations therein, a bank or trust company may:

  (1)  Purchase or lease, in an amount not exceeding its legal loan limit, real property and improvements thereto suitable for the convenient conduct of its functions.  The bank may derive income from renting or leasing such real property or improvements or both.  If the purchase or lease of such real property or improvements exceeds the legal loan limit or is from an officer, director, employee, affiliate, principal shareholder or a related interest of such person, prior approval shall be obtained from the director of finance; and

  (2)  Loan money on real estate as defined in section 442.010, and handle escrows, settlements and closings on real estate for the benefit of the bank's customers, as a core part of the banking business, notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary.

  3.  In addition to the powers and authorities granted in subsection 1 of this section, every trust company created under the laws of this state shall be authorized and empowered to:

  (1)  Receive money in trust and to accumulate the same at such rate of interest as may be obtained or agreed upon, or to allow such interest thereon as may be prescribed or agreed;

  (2)  Accept and execute all such trusts and perform such duties of every description as may be committed to it by any person or persons whatsoever, or any corporation, and act as assignee, receiver, trustee and depositary, and to accept and execute all such trusts and perform such duties of every description as may be committed or transferred to it by order, judgment or decree of any courts of record of this state or other states, or of the United States;

  (3)  Take, accept and hold, by the order, judgment or decree of any court of this state, or of any other state, or of the United States, or by gift, grant, assignment, transfer, devise or bequest of any person or corporation, any real or personal property in trust, and to execute and perform any and all the legal and lawful trusts in regard to the same upon the terms, conditions, limitations and restrictions which may be declared, imposed, established or agreed upon in and by the order, judgment, decree, gift, grant, assignment, transfer, devise or bequest;

  (4)  Buy, invest in and sell all kinds of stocks or other investment securities;

  (5)  Execute, as principal or surety, any bond or bonds required by law to be given in any proceeding, in law or equity, in any of the courts of this state or other states, or of the United States;

  (6)  Act as trustee, personal representative, or conservator or in any other like fiduciary capacity; and

  (7)  Act as attorney-in-fact or agent of any person or corporation, foreign or domestic, in the management and control of real or personal property, the sale or conveyance of same, the investment of money, and for any other lawful purpose.

  4.  (1)  In addition to the powers and authorities granted in this section, the director of finance may, from time to time, with the approval of the state banking and savings and loan board, issue orders granting such other powers and authorities as have been granted to financial institutions subject to the supervision of the federal government to:

  (a)  State-chartered banks and trust companies which are necessary to enable such banks and trust companies to compete;

  (b)  State-chartered banks and trust companies to establish branches to the same extent that federal law permits national banks to establish branches;

  (c)  Subsidiaries of state-chartered banks and trust companies to the same extent powers are granted to national bank subsidiaries to enable such banks and trust companies to compete; and

  (d)  State-chartered banks and trust companies to establish trust representative offices to the same extent national banks are permitted such offices; and

  (2)  The orders shall be promulgated as provided in section 361.105 and shall not be inconsistent with the constitution and the laws of this state.

  5.  As used in this section, the term "subsidiary" shall include one or more business entities of which the bank or trust company is the owner, provided the owner's liability is limited by the investment in and loans to the subsidiary as otherwise provided for by law.

  6.  A bank or trust company to which authority is granted by regulation in subsection 4 of this section, based on the population of the political subdivision, may continue to exercise such authority for up to five years after the appropriate decennial census indicates that the population of the town in which such bank or trust company is located has exceeded the limits provided for by regulation pursuant to subsection 4 of this section.

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(RSMo 1939 § 7949, A. 1949 H.B. 2085, A.L. 1963 p. 449, A.L. 1965 p. 560, A.L. 1967 p. 445, A.L. 1977 S.B. 420, A.L. 1983 S.B. 44 & 45, A.L. 1986 H.B. 1207, A.L. 1990 H.B. 1456, A.L. 1991 H.B. 206, A.L. 1992 S.B. 688, A.L. 1995 S.B. 215, A.L. 2000 S.B. 896, A.L. 2001 H.B. 738 merged with S.B. 186, A.L. 2003 H.B. 221 merged with S.B. 346, A.L. 2010 S.B. 630, A.L. 2011 H.B. 464, A.L. 2017 H.B. 292)

Prior revisions: 1929 § 5354; 1919 § 11737; 1909 § 1094

CROSS REFERENCE:

Savings accounts in insured savings and loan associations, investment in authorized, 369.194


---- end of effective   28 Aug 2017 ----

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362.105 8/28/2017
362.105 8/28/2011 8/28/2017

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