☰ Revisor of Missouri


Chapter 453

< > Effective - 28 Aug 1998, 2 histories, see footnote   (history) bottom

  453.040.  Consent of parents not required, when. — The consent to the adoption of a child is not required of:

  (1)  A parent whose rights with reference to the child have been terminated pursuant to law, including section 211.444 or section 211.447 or other similar laws in other states;

  (2)  A parent of a child who has legally consented to a future adoption of the child;

  (3)  A parent whose identity is unknown and cannot be ascertained at the time of the filing of the petition;

  (4)  A man who has not been established to be the father and who is not presumed by law to be the father, and who, after the conception of the child, executes a verified statement denying paternity and disclaiming any interest in the child and acknowledging that this statement is irrevocable when executed and follows the consent as set forth in section 453.030;

  (5)  A parent or other person who has not executed a consent and who, after proper service of process, fails to file an answer or make an appearance in a proceeding for adoption or for termination of parental rights at the time such cause is heard;

  (6)  A parent who has a mental condition which is shown by competent evidence either to be permanent or such that there is no reasonable likelihood that the condition can be reversed and which renders the parent unable to knowingly provide the child the necessary care, custody and control;

  (7)  A parent who has for a period of at least six months, for a child one year of age or older, or at least sixty days, for a child under one year of age, immediately prior to the filing of the petition for adoption, willfully abandoned the child or, for a period of at least six months immediately prior to the filing of the petition for adoption, willfully, substantially and continuously neglected to provide him with necessary care and protection;

  (8)  A parent whose rights to the child may be terminated for any of the grounds set forth in section 211.447 and whose rights have been terminated after hearing and proof of such grounds as required by sections 211.442 to 211.487.  Such petition for termination may be filed as a count in an adoption petition.


(RSMo 1939 §§ 9609, 9610, A.L. 1947 V. II p. 213, A.L. 1959 H.B. 438, A.L. 1982 H.B. 1171, et al., A.L. 1985 H.B. 366, et al., A.L. 1986 H.B. 1121, et al., A.L. 1997 H.B. 343, A.L. 1998 H.B. 1918 merged with S.B. 674)

Prior revisions: 1929 §§ 14074, 14075; 1919 §§ 1096, 1097

(1951) Evidence held sufficient to support finding of unfitness of parent to have custody of child.  In re Wines' Adoption (A.), 239 S.W.2d 101.

(1953) Where juvenile court found six-week-old child neglected and took custody from parents, contention in adoption proceedings begun over year later, that neglect did not continue for year overruled.  Hyman v. Stanley (A.), 257 S.W.2d 388.

(1954) Where evidence was sufficient to show surviving parent was unfit person to have child, her consent was not necessary to adoption.  Perkins v. Cowan (A.), 263 S.W.2d 740.

(1962) Evidence in proceedings by stepfather to adopt child supported finding that conduct of father constituted such willful failure to support and maintain child that his consent to adoption was not required.  In re Adoption of P.J.K. (A.), 359 S.W.2d 360.

(1962) Evidence failed to establish willful abandonment or neglect of illegitimate child by mother who placed child with family when she was ill and unable to care for child and offered to pay money for support of child.  In re Adoption of J.M.K. (A.), 363 S.W.2d 67.

(1964) Trial court reasonably found that the father did willfully neglect to provide proper care and maintenance for his children for a year where father was on an almost continuous series of drunks, drunks frequented the home, and care of children was left mainly to older brother.  In re C., C., and C. (A.), 380 S.W.2d 510.

---- end of effective  28 Aug 1998 ----

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