☰ Revisor of Missouri


Chapter 453

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  453.070.  Investigations precondition for adoption — contents of investigation report — how conducted — assessments of adoptive parents, contents — waiving of investigation, when — fees — preference to foster parents, when. — 1.  Except as provided in subsection 5 of this section, no decree for the adoption of a child under eighteen years of age shall be entered for the petitioner or petitioners in such adoption as ordered by the juvenile court having jurisdiction, until a full investigation, which includes an assessment of the adoptive parents, an appropriate postplacement assessment and a summary of written reports as provided for in section 453.026, and any other pertinent information relevant to whether the child is suitable for adoption by the petitioner and whether the petitioner is suitable as a parent for the child, has been made.  The report shall also include a statement to the effect that the child has been considered as a potential subsidy recipient.

  2.  Such investigation shall be made, as directed by the court having jurisdiction, either by the children's division of the department of social services, a juvenile court officer, a licensed child-placement agency, a social worker, a professional counselor, or a psychologist licensed under chapter 337 and associated with a licensed child-placement agency, or other suitable person appointed by the court.  The results of such investigation shall be embodied in a written report that shall be submitted to the court within ninety days of the request for the investigation.

  3.  The children's division shall develop rules and regulations regarding the content of the assessment of the petitioner or petitioners.  The content of the assessment shall include but not be limited to a report on the condition of the petitioner's home and information on the petitioner's education, financial, marital, medical and psychological status and criminal background check.  If an assessment is conducted after August 28, 1997, but prior to the promulgation of rules and regulations by the children's division concerning the contents of such assessment, any discrepancy between the contents of the actual assessment and the contents of the assessment required by children's division rule shall not be used as the sole basis for invalidating an adoption.  No rule or portion of a rule promulgated pursuant to the authority of this section shall become effective unless it has been promulgated pursuant to the provisions of chapter 536.

  4.  The assessment of petitioner or petitioners shall be submitted to the petitioner and to the court prior to the scheduled hearing of the adoptive petition.

  5.  In cases where the adoption or custody involves a child under eighteen years of age that is the natural child of one of the petitioners and where all of the parents required by this chapter to give consent to the adoption or transfer of custody have given such consent, the juvenile court may waive the investigation and report, except the criminal background check, and enter the decree for the adoption or order the transfer of custody without such investigation and report.

  6.  In the case of an investigation and report made by the children's division by order of the court, the court may order the payment of a reasonable fee by the petitioner to cover the costs of the investigation and report.

  7.  Any adult person or persons over the age of eighteen who, as foster parent or parents, have cared for a foster child continuously for a period of nine months or more and bonding has occurred as evidenced by the positive emotional and physical interaction between the foster parent and child, may apply to such authorized agency for the placement of such child with them for the purpose of adoption if the child is eligible for adoption.  The agency and court shall give preference and first consideration for adoptive placements to foster parents.  However, the final determination of the propriety of the adoption of such foster child shall be within the sole discretion of the court.

  8.  (1)  Nothing in this section shall be construed to permit discrimination on the basis of disability or disease of a prospective adoptive parent.

  (2)  The disability or disease of a prospective adoptive parent shall not constitute a basis for a determination that the petitioner is unfit or not suitable to be an adoptive parent without a specific showing that there is a causal relationship between the disability or disease and a substantial and significant risk of harm to a child.


(L. 1947 V. II p. 213 § 9612a, A.L. 1973 H.B. 254, A.L. 1976 H.B. 1278, A.L. 1985 H.B. 366, et al., A.L. 1989 H.B. 51, A.L. 1997 H.B. 343, A.L. 1998 H.B. 1918 merged with S.B. 674, A.L. 1999 H.B. 472, A.L. 2001 S.B. 348, A.L. 2011 H.B. 555 merged with H.B. 604 merged with H.B. 648, A.L. 2013 S.B. 330, A.L. 2014 H.B. 1299 Revision, A.L. 2021 H.B. 429)

---- end of effective  28 Aug 2021 ----

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Effective End
453.070 8/28/2021
453.070 8/28/2014 8/28/2021
453.070 8/28/2013 8/28/2014
453.070 8/28/2011 8/28/2013
453.070 8/28/2001 8/28/2011

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