☰ Revisor of Missouri


Chapter 478

< > Effective - 28 Aug 2013, 2 histories, see footnote (history) bottom

  478.008.  Veterans treatment courts authorized, requirements. — 1.  Veterans treatment courts may be established by any circuit court, or combination of circuit courts, upon agreement of the presiding judges of such circuit courts to provide an alternative for the judicial system to dispose of cases which stem from substance abuse or mental illness of military veterans or current military personnel.

  2.  A veterans treatment court shall combine judicial supervision, drug testing, and substance abuse and mental health treatment to participants who have served or are currently serving the United States Armed Forces, including members of the Reserves, National Guard, or state guard.

  3.  (1)  Each circuit court, which establishes such courts as provided in subsection 1 of this section, shall establish conditions for referral of proceedings to the veterans treatment court; and

  (2)  Each circuit court shall enter into a memorandum of understanding with each participating prosecuting attorney in the circuit court.  The memorandum of understanding shall specify a list of felony offenses ineligible for referral to the veterans treatment court.  The memorandum of understanding may include other parties considered necessary including, but not limited to, defense attorneys, treatment providers, and probation officers.

  4.  (1)  A circuit that has adopted a veterans treatment court under this section may accept participants from any other jurisdiction in this state based upon either the residence of the participant in the receiving jurisdiction or the unavailability of a veterans treatment court in the jurisdiction where the participant is charged.

  (2)  The transfer can occur at any time during the proceedings, including, but not limited to, prior to adjudication.  The receiving court shall have jurisdiction to impose sentence, including, but not limited to, sanctions, incentives, incarceration, and phase changes.

  (3)  A transfer under this subsection is not valid unless it is agreed to by all of the following:

  (a)  The defendant or respondent;

  (b)  The attorney representing the defendant or respondent;

  (c)  The judge of the transferring court and the  prosecutor of the case; and

  (d)  The judge of the receiving veterans treatment court and the prosecutor of the veterans treatment court.

  (4)  If the defendant is terminated from the veterans treatment court program the defendant's case shall be returned to the transferring court for disposition.

  5.  Any proceeding accepted by the veterans treatment court program for disposition shall be upon agreement of the parties.

  6.  Except for good cause found by the court, a veterans treatment court shall make a referral for substance abuse or mental health treatment, or a combination of substance abuse and mental health treatment, through the Department of Defense health care, the Veterans Administration, or a community-based treatment program.  Community-based programs utilized shall receive state or federal funds in connection with such referral and shall only refer the individual to a program which is certified by the Missouri department of mental health, unless no appropriate certified treatment program is located within the same county as the veterans treatment court.

  7.  Any statement made by a participant as part of participation in the veterans treatment court program, or any report made by the staff of the program, shall not be admissible as evidence against the participant in any criminal, juvenile, or civil proceeding.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, termination from the veterans treatment court program and the reasons for termination may be considered in sentencing or disposition.

  8.  Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, veterans treatment court staff shall be provided with access to all records of any state or local government agency relevant to the treatment of any program participant.

  9.  Upon general request, employees of all such agencies shall fully inform a veterans treatment court staff of all matters relevant to the treatment of the participant.  All such records and reports and the contents thereof shall:

  (1)  Be treated as closed records;

  (2)  Not be disclosed to any person outside of the veterans treatment court;

  (3)  Be maintained by the court in a confidential file not available to the public.

  10.  Upon successful completion of the treatment program, the charges, petition, or penalty against a veterans treatment court participant may be dismissed, reduced, or modified.  Any fees received by a court from a defendant as payment for substance abuse or mental health treatment programs shall not be considered court costs, charges, or fines.


(L. 2013 H.B. 374 & 434 merged with S.B. 118)

---- end of effective   28 Aug 2013 ----

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478.008 12/18/2018 12/18/2018
478.008 8/28/2013 12/18/2018

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