☰ Revisor of Missouri


Chapter 556

< > Effective - 28 Aug 2009, 3 histories, see footnote (history) bottom

  556.021.  Infractions. — 1. An offense defined by this code or by any other statute of this state constitutes an infraction if it is so designated or if a violation of the statute can result only in a fine, forfeiture, or other civil penalty, or any combination thereof.

  2. A determination of whether an infraction has occurred shall be made by the filing of a civil action. The action shall be filed by a person who is authorized to bring a criminal action or an action to enforce an ordinance if the conduct constituted a crime or ordinance violation. The action shall be brought in the name of the state of Missouri or appropriate political subdivision. An infraction violation shall be proven by a preponderance of the evidence but shall not be tried to a jury. If an infraction violation is proven, judgment shall be entered for the plaintiff.

  3. Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, it shall be the duty of the operator or driver of any vehicle or the rider of any animal traveling on the roads of this state to stop on signal of any law enforcement officer and to obey any other reasonable signal or direction of such law enforcement officer given in the course of enforcing any infraction. Any person who willfully fails or refuses to obey any signal or direction of a law enforcement officer given in the course of enforcing any infraction, or who willfully resists or opposes a law enforcement officer in the proper discharge of his or her duties in the course of enforcing any infraction, shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor and on plea or finding of guilt thereof shall be punished as provided by law for such offenses.

  4. The supreme court of Missouri may promulgate rules for the enforcement of this section.


(L. 1977 S.B. 60, A.L. 2009 H.B. 683)

---- end of effective  28 Aug 2009 ----

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556.021 1/1/2017
556.021 2/25/2010 1/1/2017
556.021 8/28/2009 2/25/2010

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