☰ Revisor of Missouri

Title VII CITIES, TOWNS AND VILLAGES

Chapter 82

Effective - 10 Oct 2014, 2 histories, see footnote (history) bottom

  *82.1025.  Nuisance action for deteriorated property (Jefferson, Platte, Franklin, and St. Louis counties, Springfield, St. Louis, Kansas City). — 1.  This section applies to a nuisance located within the boundaries of any county of the first classification with a charter form of government and a population greater than nine hundred thousand, in any county of the first classification with more than one hundred ninety-eight thousand but fewer than one hundred ninety-nine thousand two hundred inhabitants, in any county of the first classification with more than seventy-three thousand seven hundred but fewer than seventy-three thousand eight hundred inhabitants, in any county of the first classification with more than ninety-three thousand eight hundred but fewer than ninety-three thousand nine hundred inhabitants, in any home rule city with more than one hundred fifty-one thousand five hundred but fewer than one hundred fifty-one thousand six hundred inhabitants, in any city not within a county and in any city with at least three hundred fifty thousand inhabitants which is located in more than one county.

  2.  A parcel of property is a nuisance, if such property adversely affects the property values of a neighborhood or the property value of any property within the neighborhood because the owner of such property allows the property to be in a deteriorated condition, due to neglect or failure to reasonably maintain, violation of a county or municipal building code, standard, or ordinance, abandonment, failure to repair after a fire, flood or some other damage to the property or because the owner or resident of the property allows clutter on the property such as abandoned automobiles, appliances or similar objects.  Any property owner who owns property within one thousand two hundred feet of a parcel of property which is alleged to be a nuisance may bring a nuisance action against the offending property owner for the amount of damage created by such nuisance to the value of the petitioner's property, including diminution in value of the petitioner's property, and court costs, provided that the owner of the property which is alleged to be a nuisance has received notification of the alleged nuisance and has had a reasonable opportunity, not to exceed forty-five days, to correct the alleged nuisance.  This section is not intended to abrogate, and shall not be construed as abrogating, any remedy available under the common law of private nuisance.

  3.  An action for injunctive relief to abate a nuisance under this section may be brought by:

  (1)  Anyone who owns property within one thousand two hundred feet to a property which is alleged to be a nuisance; or

  (2)  ** A neighborhood organization, as defined in subdivision (2) of section 82.1027, on behalf of any person or persons who own property within the boundaries of the neighborhood or neighborhoods described in the articles of incorporation or bylaws of the neighborhood organization and who could maintain a nuisance action under this section or under the common law of private nuisance, or on its own behalf with respect to a nuisance on property anywhere within the boundaries of the neighborhood or neighborhoods.

  4.  An action shall not be brought under this section until sixty days after the party who brings the action has sent written notice of intent to bring an action under this section by certified mail, return receipt requested, postage prepaid to:

  (1)  The tenant, if any, or to "occupant" if the identity of the tenant cannot be reasonably ascertained, at the property's address; and

  (2)  The property owner of record at the last known address of the property owner on file with the county or city, or, if the property owner is a corporation or other type of limited liability company, to the property owner's registered agent at the agent's address of record;

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that a nuisance exists and that legal action may be taken against the owner of the property.  If the notice sent by certified mail is returned unclaimed or refused, designated by the post office to be undeliverable, or signed for by a person other than the addressee, then adequate and sufficient notice may be given to the tenant, if any, and the property owner of record by sending a copy of the notice by regular mail to the address of the property owner or registered agent and posting a copy of the notice on the property where the nuisance allegedly is occurring.  A sworn affidavit by the person who mailed or posted the notice describing the date and manner that notice was given shall be prima facie evidence of the giving of such notice.  The notice shall specify:

  (a)  The act or condition that constitutes the nuisance;

  (b)  The date the nuisance was first discovered;

  (c)  The address of the property and location on the property where the act or condition that constitutes the nuisance is allegedly occurring or exists; and

  (d)  The relief sought in the action.

  5.  When a neighborhood organization files a suit under this section, an officer of the neighborhood organization or its counsel shall certify to the court:

  (1)  From personal knowledge, that the neighborhood organization has taken the required steps to satisfy the notice requirements under this section; and

  (2)  Based on reasonable inquiry, that each condition precedent to the filing of the action under this section has been met.

  6.  A neighborhood organization may not bring an action under this section if, at the time of filing suit, the neighborhood organization or any of its directors own real estate, or have an interest in a trust or a corporation or other limited liability company that owns real estate, in the city or county in which the nuisance is located with respect to which real property taxes are delinquent or a notice of violation of a city code or ordinance has been issued and served and is outstanding.

  7.  This section is not intended to abrogate, and shall not be construed as abrogating, any remedy available under the common law of private nuisance.

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(L. 1994 H.B. 1115 § 1, A.L. 1995 H.B. 383, A.L. 1998 H.B. 977 & 1608, A.L. 1999 H.B. 103, A.L. 2005 H.B. 58, A.L. 2014 S.B. 731)

*Effective 10-10-14, see § 21.250.  S.B. 731 was vetoed July 7, 2014. The veto was overridden on September 10, 2014.

**Word "By" appears here in original rolls.

CROSS REFERENCE:

Nuisance abatement ordinances authorized for debris or noxious weeds on property, effect of failure to remove nuisance, penalty, 67.398


---- end of effective   10 Oct 2014 ----

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82.1025 8/28/2019
82.1025 10/10/2014 8/28/2019

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