☰ Revisor of Missouri

Title X TAXATION AND REVENUE

Chapter 135

< > Effective - 02 Jan 2023, see footnote bottom

  135.775.  Biodiesel blend — definitions — seller tax credit, amount, procedure — rules — sunset provision. — 1.  As used in this section, the following terms mean:

  (1)  "Biodiesel blend", a blend of diesel fuel and biodiesel fuel of at least five percent and not more than twenty percent for on-road and off-road diesel-fueled vehicle use;

  (2)  "Biodiesel fuel", a renewable, biodegradable, mono alkyl ester combustible liquid fuel that is derived from agricultural and other plant oils or animal fats and that meets the most recent version of the ASTM International D6751 Standard Specification for Biodiesel Fuel Blend Stock.  A fuel shall be deemed to be biodiesel fuel if the fuel consists of a pure B100 or B99 ratio.  Biodiesel produced from palm oil is not biodiesel fuel for the purposes of this section unless the palm oil is contained within waste oil and grease collected within the United States;

  (3)  "B99", a blend of ninety-nine percent biodiesel fuel that meets the most recent version of the ASTM International D6751 Standard Specification for Biodiesel Fuel Blend Stock with a minimum of one-tenth of one percent and maximum of one percent diesel fuel that meets the most recent version of the ASTM International D975 Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel;

  (4)  "Department", the Missouri department of revenue;

  (5)  "Distributor", a person, firm, or corporation doing business in this state that:

  (a)  Produces, refines, blends, compounds, or manufactures motor fuel;

  (b)  Imports motor fuel into the state; or

  (c)  Is engaged in distribution of motor fuel;

  (6)  "Retail dealer", a person, firm, or corporation doing business in this state that owns or operates a retail service station in this state;

  (7)  "Retail service station", a location in this state from which biodiesel blend is sold to the general public and is dispensed directly into motor vehicle fuel tanks for consumption at retail.

  2.  For all tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2023, a retail dealer that sells a biodiesel blend at a retail service station or a distributor that sells a biodiesel blend directly to the final user located in this state shall be allowed a tax credit to be taken against the retail dealer or distributor's state income tax liability.  The amount of the credit shall be equal to:

  (1)  Two cents per gallon of biodiesel blend of at least five percent but not more than ten percent sold by the retail dealer at a retail service station or by a distributor directly to the final user located in this state during the tax year for which the tax credit is claimed; and

  (2)  Five cents per gallon of biodiesel blend in excess of ten percent but not more than twenty percent sold by the retail dealer at a retail service station or by a distributor directly to the final user located in this state during the tax year for which the tax credit is claimed.

  3.  Tax credits authorized under this section shall not be transferred, sold, or assigned.  If the amount of the tax credit exceeds the taxpayer's state tax liability, the difference shall be refundable.  The total amount of tax credits issued under this section for any given fiscal year shall not exceed sixteen million dollars.

  4.  In the event the total amount of tax credits claimed under this section exceeds the amount of available tax credits, the tax credits shall be apportioned among all eligible retail dealers and distributors claiming a tax credit by April fifteenth, or as directed by section 143.851, of the fiscal year in which the tax credit is claimed.

  5.  The tax credit allowed by this section shall be claimed by such taxpayer at the time such taxpayer files a return and shall be applied against the income tax liability imposed by chapter 143, excluding the withholding tax imposed by sections 143.191 to 143.265, after reduction for all other credits allowed thereon.  The department may require any documentation it deems necessary to administer the provisions of this section.

  6.  Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, if the maximum amount of tax credits authorized by this section are not claimed, the remaining amount of tax credits available to claim shall be applied to the tax credit in section 135.778 if the maximum amount of tax credits authorized by section 135.778 have been claimed.

  7.  Notwithstanding the provisions of section 32.057 to the contrary, the department may work with the division of weights and measures within the department of agriculture to validate that the biodiesel blend a retail dealer or distributor claims for the tax credit authorized under this section contains a sufficient percentage of biodiesel fuel.

  8.  The department shall promulgate rules to implement and administer the provisions of this section.  Any rule or portion of a rule, as that term is defined in section 536.010, that is created pursuant to the authority delegated in this section shall become effective only if it complies with and is subject to all of the provisions of chapter 536 and, if applicable, section 536.028.  This section and chapter 536 are nonseverable and if any of the powers vested with the general assembly pursuant to chapter 536 to review, to delay the effective date, or to disapprove and annul a rule are subsequently held unconstitutional, then the grant of rulemaking authority and any rule proposed or adopted after January 2, 2023, shall be invalid and void.

  9.  Under section 23.253 of the Missouri sunset act:

  (1)  The provisions of the new program authorized under this section shall automatically sunset on December 31, 2028, unless reauthorized by an act of the general assembly;

  (2)  If such program is reauthorized, the program authorized under this section shall automatically sunset twelve years after the effective date of the reauthorization of this section; and

  (3)  This section shall terminate on September first of the calendar year immediately following the calendar year in which the program authorized under this section is sunset.  The termination of the program as described in this subsection shall not be construed to preclude any qualified taxpayer who claims any benefit under any program that is sunset under this subsection from claiming such benefit for all allowable activities related to such claim that were completed before the program was sunset or to eliminate any responsibility of the department to verify the continued eligibility of qualified individuals receiving tax credits and to enforce other requirements of law that applied before the program was sunset.

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(L. 2022 1st Ex. Sess. H.B. 3)

Effective 1-02-23

Sunset date 12-31-28

Termination date 9-01-29


---- end of effective  02 Jan 2023 ----

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