☰ Revisor of Missouri

Title XII PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

Chapter 196

< > Effective - 28 Aug 1980 bottom

  196.856.  Definitions of products subject to law. — Only ingredients or products recognized by the department of health and senior services in properly adopted rules may be used in addition to those ingredients or products defined in this section.  For the purpose of sections 196.851 to 196.895 the products within their purview are defined as follows, and in each instance it is implied that the product is clean and sound:

  (1)  "Ice cream" is the food prepared by freezing, while stirring, a pasteurized mix composed of one or more of the optional dairy ingredients specified in subdivision (2) of this section, sweetened with one or more of the optional sweetening ingredients specified in subdivision (3) of this section, flavored with one or more of the optional flavoring ingredients specified in subdivision (4) of this section; one or more of the optional egg ingredients specified in subdivision (5) may be used; one or more of the optional stabilizing ingredients specified in subdivision (6) may be used; one or more of the optional acidity standardizing ingredients specified in subdivision (7) may be used subject to the conditions set forth in subdivisions (5), (6) and (7), as the case may be.  U.S.  certified food color may be added.  The mix may be seasoned with salt and may be homogenized.  Water may be added. The kind and quantity of optional dairy ingredients used, and the content of milk fat and total milk solids are such that the weight of milk fat and total milk solids are not less than ten percent and twenty percent, respectively, of the weight of the finished ice cream.  If one or more of the optional flavoring ingredients specified in paragraphs (d), (e), (f), (g), (h) and (i) of subdivision (4) of this section are used, the weight of milk fat and total milk solids are not to be less than ten percent and twenty percent, respectively, except for such reduction in milk fat and in total milk solids as is due to the addition of one or more of the optional ingredients specified in paragraphs (d), (e), (f), (g), (h) and (i) of subdivision (4) of this section but in no case shall it contain less than eight percent of milk fat nor less than sixteen percent of total milk solids.  Ice cream shall contain not less than one and six-tenths pounds of total food solids per gallon and shall weigh not less than four and one-half pounds per gallon.

  (2)  The optional dairy ingredients are sweet cream, dried cream, butter, butter oil, concentrated milk fat, milk, concentrated milk, evaporated milk, sweetened condensed milk, superheated condensed milk, dried milk, skim milk, concentrated (evaporated or condensed) skim milk, superheated condensed skim milk, sweetened condensed skim milk, sweetened condensed partly skimmed milk, nonfat dry milk solids, edible dry whey, cheese whey, sweet cream buttermilk, condensed sweet cream buttermilk, dried sweet cream buttermilk, and any of the foregoing products from which all or a portion of the lactose has been removed after crystallization or the lactose has been converted to simple sugars by hydrolysis.  Harmless optional ingredients may be used to prevent fat oxidation in any of the foregoing optional dairy ingredients in an amount not exceeding five-thousandths of one percent of the weight of the milk fat present in any of such dairy ingredients.  Sour cream shall never be used as an ingredient.

  (3)  The optional sweetening ingredients are sugar, liquid sugar, dextrose, invert sugar (paste or sirup), lactose, fructose, corn sugar, dried or liquid corn sirup, maple sirup, maple sugar, honey, brown sugar, malt sirup, dried malt extract, molasses (other than blackstrap) and any other nutritive sweetening ingredient approved by the federal Food and Drug Administration.

  (4)  The optional flavoring ingredients are:

  (a)  Natural food flavoring;

  (b)  Artificial food flavoring;

  (c)  Fruit juices, which may be fresh, frozen, canned, concentrated or dried and which may be sweetened and thickened with one or more of the optional stabilizing ingredients specified in subdivision (6);

  (d)  Chocolate;

  (e)  Cocoa;

  (f)  Fruit which may be fresh, frozen, canned, concentrated, shredded, pureed, comminuted or dried and which may be sweetened, thickened with stabilizer, and acidulated with citric, tartaric, malic, lactic or ascorbic acid;

  (g)  Nut meats;

  (h)  Confectionery; and

  (i)  Vanilla flavoring may be fortified with vanillin only.

  (5)  Optional egg ingredients are liquid eggs, frozen eggs, dried eggs, egg yolks, frozen yolks, dried yolks; however, the total weight of egg yolk solids used singly, or in combination of two or more, must be less than the minimum prescribed in subdivision (8) for French ice cream.

  (6)  The optional stabilizing ingredients are gelatin, algin, extractive of Irish moss, psyllium seed husk, agar-agar, gum acacia, gum karaya, locust bean gum, gum tragacanth, cellulose gum, guar seed gum, monoglycerides or diglycerides or both of fat forming fatty acids or other harmless stabilizers or emulsifiers; but the total weight of the active material contained in the solids of any such ingredient used singly, or of any combination of two or more such ingredients used, is not more than one-half of one percent of the weight of the finished ice cream.

  (7)  The following harmless optional ingredients or combination of such ingredients may be added to control viscosity, adjust protein stability and adjust pH of the combined mix ingredients:

  (a)  Sodium bicarbonate;

  (b)  Magnesium oxide as such or as carbonate or hydroxide;

  (c)  Calcium oxide as such or as hydroxide or sucrate;

  (d)  Sodium citrate;

  (e)  Sodium phosphates.  

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The total ingredients (a) through (c) shall not exceed one-tenth of one percent by weight of the finished mix; nor shall the weight of ingredients (d) and (e) exceed two-tenths of one percent by weight of the finished mix.  It is further provided that the percentage of developed lactic acid in the mix prior to the addition of the above listed optional ingredients shall not exceed three one-thousandths of one percent by weight for each one percent of milk-solids-not-fat present in the mix.

  (8)  "French ice cream", "frozen custard", "French custard ice cream" conforms to the definition and standard of identity prescribed for ice cream by subdivision (1) that one or more of the optional egg ingredients permitted by subdivision (5) are used in such quantity that the total weight of egg yolk solids therein is not less than one and four-tenths percent of the weight of the finished French ice cream, except when any of the optional flavoring ingredients specified in paragraphs (d), (e), (f), (g), (h) and (i) of subdivision (4) of this section are used, in which case the weight of the egg yolk solids is not less than one and twelve-hundredths percent of the weight of the finished French ice cream.

  (9)  "Ice milk" conforms in all respects to the definition and standard of identity for ice cream prescribed in subdivision (1), except that it contains not less than two percent but not more than seven percent of milk fat and not less than fourteen percent total milk solids and except that it contains not less than one and three-tenths pounds of food solids per gallon.

  (10)  "Sherbet" is the food prepared by freezing, while stirring, a mix composed of one or a combination of the optional pasteurized dairy ingredients specified in subdivision (2), one or more of the optional sweetening ingredients specified in subdivision (3), fruit, fruit juice, or flavoring as hereinafter provided.  It may contain one or more of the optional stabilizing ingredients specified in subdivision (6) or pectin provided the weight of such stabilizer is not more than one-half of one percent of the weight of the finished sherbet.  The kind and quantity of optional dairy ingredients used is such that the total milk solids content is not more than five percent by weight of the finished sherbet and the milk fat content is not more than two percent and not less than one percent by weight of the finished sherbet.  It contains fruit or fruit juice as prescribed in subdivisions (1), (2), (3) and (6) of subsection 4 of this section.  It may contain citric, tartaric, malic, phosphoric, or lactic acid.  The acidity of the finished sherbet shall be not less than thirty-five hundredths of one percent of acid as determined by titrating with standard alkali and expressed as lactic acid.  It weighs not less than six pounds per gallon.

  (11)  "Water ice" conforms in all respects to the definition and standard of identity for sherbet prescribed in subdivision (10) except that it does not contain any of the optional dairy ingredients and consequently does not meet the provision respecting total milk solids and milk fat.

  (12)  "Mellorine" is a vegetable fat frozen dessert product which is a clean, frozen or semifrozen food prepared by freezing, while stirring, a pasteurized mix composed of edible vegetable fats, milk solids not fat, sugar or optional sweetening ingredients and optional flavoring ingredients as defined in section 196.856.  It may contain one or more optional stabilizing ingredients and emulsifiers as specified in subdivision (6) of this section, in an amount not exceeding one percent of active ingredients, whether used singly or in combination, of the weight of the finished product.

  (13)  "Edible fats", the edible natural fats derived from vegetable or milk sources including only such milk fat as is normally contained in the products enumerated in subdivision (2) of this section; the food fats may be hydrogenated or nonhydrogenated.  Harmless optional ingredients may be used to prevent fat oxidation in an amount not exceeding five-thousandths percent of the weight of the fat used.

  (14)  "Milk solids not fat", skim milk, concentrated (evaporated or condensed) skim milk, superheated condensed skim milk, sweetened condensed skim milk, nonfat dry milk solids, edible dry whey, cheese whey, sweet cream buttermilk (whether fluid, condensed or dried), and any of the foregoing products from which all or a portion of the lactose has been removed after crystallization or the lactose has been converted to simple sugar by hydrolysis.

  (15)  "Mix" or "mixes", the liquid which contains the ingredients of a vegetable or milk fat frozen dessert product and which, after freezing, becomes the vegetable or milk fat frozen dessert product.

  (16)  "Frozen dietary dairy dessert" and "frozen dietary desserts" is a food for any special dietary use, prepared by freezing, with or without agitation, composed of a pasteurized mix which may contain edible fat, protein, carbohydrates, natural or artificial sweeteners, flavoring stabilizers, emulsifiers, vitamins and minerals.

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(L. 1955 p. 708 § 196.855, A.L. 1957 p. 699, A.L. 1980 S.B. 707)


---- end of effective  28 Aug 1980 ----

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